Nigeria is located on the west coast of Africa and is the most populous black country in the world, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Benin and Cameroon. Nigeria covers 356,668 sq miles (923,7770 sq kilometers). It is about the same size as California, Nevada and Utah combined. Nigeria is diverse in people and culture. The history of the country goes back to 500 BC when the Nok people were the inhabitants. It was the ending of the 15th century European explorers and traders began their lucrative slave trade with the Yoruba and Benin peoples. In 1861 Lagos was colonized by the British and 1914, the entire country became The Colony and Protectorate ofNigeria. Nigeria became independent in 1960.
Nigeria’s National Flag is divided vertically into three equal parts of green, white and green colours. The White at the center symbolises peace and unity, while the green on the two outer parts stands for the country’s agriculture. The flag was designed in 1960 by one Michael Taiwo Akinkunmi, who was then a student in London, England.
As regards the Coat of Arms, it features an Eagle mounted on a black shield tri-seated by two silver wavy bands. The two white chargers support the shield and at its base is a wreath of coctus spectabilis – a flower cast in the national colours of while and green – that is found throughout Nigeria.
Nigeria’s National Motto is “Unity and Faith, Peace and ”.
I pledge to Nigeria my country To be faithful, loyal and honest To serve Nigeria with all my strength To defend her unity And uphold her honour and glory So help me God.
Arise, O compatriots, Nigeria’s call obey To serve our fatherland With love and strength and faith The labor of our heroes past Shall never be in vain To serve with heart and might One nation bound in freedom, peace and unity. Oh God of creation, direct our noble cause Guide our leaders rightHelp our youth the truth to know In love and honesty to grow And living just and true Great lofty heights attain To build a nation where peace and justice shall reign.
i. One thousand Naira Note - Dr clement & alh.aliyu
ii. Five Naira Note - Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, (1912-1966), First Prime Minister.
iii. Ten Naira Note - Alvan Ikoku, Nationalist Leader (1900-1971)
iv. Twenty Naira Note - Gen. Murtala Ramat Mohammed, (1936-1976), Former Head of State